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Turkish dog known as Kangal


Dog Kangal

The Turkish Terrier is  an imposing, strong and agile guard dog. It is also known by names like Kangal in Türkiye and internationally. Their loyal, protective, and affectionate nature is one of the most prominent traits of this breed. It has light yellow, grey, brown, white spotted fur.

He is an imposing flock keeper with a generous, serious and confident nature. They are descended from the oldest known domesticated dog breed.

Information about the Turkish dog

nation: (Türkiye)
period:     (of life 12-15 years old)
height: (Females: between 71-77 cm)
Males:     (between 77-87 cm)
the weight: (Males 50-60 kg)
Females: (41-59 kg)
hair length (Short and medium)
the color: (Light yellow, gray or solid color. Their faces are black)
group: (For children, guarding, grazing)


The Turkish Terrier is a breed of dog that has protected its flock from evil people and wild animals for centuries. Its existence has been known since the Babylonian era. These dogs were used as war dogs as well as horse and lion hunting.
It is estimated that its origin comes from Kangal District in Sivas Province. Although, it is possible to come across pure blood in Yozgat, Kayseri, Çorum, Tokat, Erzurum and Erzincan. Likewise, it is possible that crosses with our dog breeds, which are known by names such as Karakaya and Kızılkaya, but do not have another foreign name like Turkish Shepherd Dog in their blood, can be found in every region of our country. However, it is possible to find the first-class pure Turkish dog in Sivas or especially in the Kangal region.
In the 17th century, Evliya Çelebi mentioned these dogs, which he described as strong as lions in his travel book. It is believed that the founders of the Ottoman Empire brought this dog with them to Anatolia, and with the spread of the Ottoman Empire in Europe, most European shepherd dogs descended from this breed.
In the archives of the Ottoman Empire period, Kangal dogs and pedigree breeding are mentioned.
The fact that Kangal herding dogs have survived from the past to the present without prejudice to their racial characteristics is attributed to the fact that they are the most reliable friend of farmers who make their living from raising sheep, and that they are the only dog ​​breed among the dog breeds in the world that can resist wolves.
These dogs fulfill the given task in the most difficult climatic conditions and working conditions at the cost of a killer. The fact that the conditions of care and feeding are simpler and more economical than other dog breeds ensured the continuation of its generation.

Specifications of the Turkish dog

Mouth and nose structure:   The structure of the mouth and nose is short, and the sharp chin is strong. The teeth are sharp and strong, and the lips do not droop. The eyes, ears, around the mouth, and even the nose are black.
Eyes:   They are rather small, round compared to the skull, and have a color between golden and brown. The eye area is black. It looks lively and noble.
Ears:   Medium in size, triangular in shape, rounded at the ends, attached to the head and hanging down.
Head and thorax appearance:   Looks like a lion when viewed from the front. The head is supported by a large, strong neck.
Neck:   slightly curved, strong and muscular, of medium height, somewhat jointed, straight, densely boned, strong and long at the ankles. The front chest is wider than the back and the shoulders are muscular.
Body:   The body is square in shape from head to toe. The body is strong and muscular, never fat. The chest is deep to the elbow, the abdomen is slightly retracted.
Legs:   The legs are strong. The front legs are stronger than the hind legs. The feet are large, strong, with convex and black toes.
Tail:   very high, low and arched when relaxed, high and arched over the back when stimulated.
Body color:   it can be from dark gray to steel color. A white locket can be found on the chest.
Hide:   It has a short, dense hair structure on dense underskin.

Turkish dog behavior

Aside from his physical features, what makes a dog strong and loyal is his distinctive build. This is the most important thing to consider before adopting a dog. For example, the Turkish Terrier is suitable as a guard or shepherd dog, given its characteristics. The following are the personality traits of the Kangal dog.

The Kangal dog does not bark unless it is threatened and provoked.
He's not an actor. He is calm and heavy-handed.
- He gets along with the kids.
Their sense of smell and observational skills are highly developed.
It has a delicate structure.
Just like all sheepdogs , he is fond of his independence. Usually he prefers to be alone.
It can be easily trained with a reward system.
It is an excellent shepherd dog thanks to its flock protection feature.
Although it looks scary, it is not very aggressive, and it does not have a habit of biting. However, this may change in non-pure hybrid breeds.

Turkish dog care

The Turkish Terrier has a thick coat that makes it easy to live and work outdoors and protects it in all weather conditions. They usually have a short fur coat, but some kangals also have a long outer coat. Sheepdogs come in many colors, including cream, white, spotted and striped, and have a black to gradient hue on the face.

Their coats are easy to care for compared to many breeds. A quick brushing and brushing once a week is enough to keep them looking good. They don't give up much and you can be flexible about their care because they are free roamers in nature. It happens that your dog sheds heavily twice a year. During periods of shedding, it's a good idea to do a thorough brushing every few days with a short-bristle brush and comb to remove dead hair.

The Kangal dog breed is naturally clean. This breed, which requires less brushing with its short-haired fur, also needs less bathing. It is enough for them to bathe 3-4 times a year in total. In general, bathing is not recommended for this breed. Since there are no sweat glands, sweating does not appear. In addition, they secrete a special substance through their sebaceous glands to protect their skin, and if they are washed away, the health of their skin may deteriorate. Therefore, the care given to classic domestic dogs for bathing is not very suitable for Anatolian Shepherd Dogs.

In nail care, a Kangal free-living dog's nails may not need grooming, but you can do regular nail care and clipping for your semi-free-living Turkish Terrier in your home garden. It is important that items such as nail clippers or toothbrushes that you will use during these treatments are in a structure that is suitable for your dog. Taking care of your dog's mouth, teeth, ear, nose, eye and skin at regular intervals and using the right tools will help your dog live a healthy life with you for many years.

What does the turkey dog ​​eat?

An adult Turkish Terrier should be fed at the same time every day. The two-pound diet for the average dog is divided into three. This diet consists of 33% vegetables, 33% meat, and the rest grains. The diet should be prepared based on the dog's weight and the work it does. For example, if your Kangal is tired or weaker than usual, extra food should be given.

Puppies should be given milk until they are 6-7 months old, even after they stop sucking.

Common diseases

The Turkish Terrier, who lives approximately 12 to 15 years, is not genetically predisposed to contracting a disease. However, as with any dog, it is possible for her to suffer from some health issues. These potential health problems include:

A Kangal dog may suffer from a dislocated hip problem, like all large dogs. Rabies
can occur if the rabies vaccination is not given regularly. – It is necessary to use drops produced for this purpose to protect it from external parasites such as fleas and ticks . You should drink milk for 6-7 months after giving birth. Otherwise, he may contract the disease of young people.

did you know ?

It is the only breed of dog that can handle wolves.

These brave animals, also known as wolfsbane, have interestingly helped protect natural life in Namibia. Kangal dogs brought from Anatolia came to the aid of Namibian farmers who could not cope with leopards hunting their herds. Thanks to the kangal shepherd and neck abilities, farmers have been saved from having to shoot cheetahs, thus protecting natural life.

How many years does a Turkish dog live?
The Turkish Terrier is  also loyal and active, since its life expectancy allows it to live between 10 and 13 years if kept in good condition. However as with all dogs, they are often prone to some of the health issues related to the breed.

Turkish dog price
Turkish dog pricing is shaped by many factors such as puppies, females and males, trained and uneducated. With these factors in effect, it sells for prices ranging from $39 to $180. However we hope your priority is adoption and we advise against buying without looking into shelters.


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