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Training the dog on basic commands


Training the dog on basic commands is essential for its development in our society and helps in strengthening the bonds between you and it. Indeed, teaching it from a young age to respect it will prevent you from experiencing many problems in public places, will ensure the safety of your little companion, and will make you spend better moments in his presence.

Training the dog on basic commands

Having a dog as a pet brings so much joy in everyday life, as long as you can socialize with him! The dog is a very lovable and intelligent animal, and it is possible to teach it many commands and tricks. But before you make him a hero (if that's what you want), there are some basic commandments that he must assimilate in order to make coexistence more harmonious. This is because no one wants to be controlled by an out-of-control dog. Your pet must know who is in charge and obey the commands he receives.

The method to be followed during training your dog

Training a dog to basic commands takes time, availability, patience and lots of love! There are many websites and videos created by professional trainers that can help you through this process. If you are not sure how to do this, we recommend that you resort to sessions with an experienced trainer. These sessions of several exercises are excellent, for both the puppy and the owner, because they go through all the basic commands, and guide you in the specific exercises that need to be done in the house so that the dog internalizes what you want to teach.

Many trainers use the tap method, which is known to be very effective. A clicker is a small object that makes a noise that never changes. It is really practical, because the dog quickly realizes that the noise is made when he does something well (often followed by a treat), and he understands that it is in his best interest to repeat the action he was doing at the time. Determine where the noise occurs.

In any case, no matter what training method you choose for your dog, you should never use violence, hit or push the animal sharply, punish or lock it up when it does something stupid. Using violence is indeed the best way to create behavior problems in your animal.

Basic commands you will teach your dog

One of the most important things in having a new pet is training. The arrival of a puppy in the family requires a series of changes, with the responsibility of educating him being one of the fundamental aspects that every owner must consider as a priority.

Dog breeding is an essential base for shaping the behavior and temperament of the animal from an early age. But where do I start training my dog?

This question is very frequent, and even increases when it is the first time that a pet has been given responsibility. That is why, on this occasion, we are going to describe ten basic commands that should not be missing from the beginning of dog training.

The commands that we will refer to below are the initial commands in the basic training of the dog. It is the first step so that the dog can learn other tasks and, above all, it will be part of his daily behavior both at home and outside. So learning it is essential.


Without a doubt, the first, and easiest, if you will, command for the dog is to sit. This is the first clue that every owner, whether he is an expert or not, must do with his dogs. Not only because it is the simplest, but also because through it the dog can communicate different situations, such as asking for food or going outside.

How do you learn it?

One of the most effective ways to teach this command is to show the dog a treat and let him sniff it for a while. Then encircle the treat in your hand, and with a fist, draw an imaginary line from the dog's head to the dog's hindquarters, indicating the word "sit ", after several attempts you will notice that the dog is sitting when you perform this action.

One of the main aspects is that you have to keep a standing order for this once you get going. For example, if your word is "sit," you should continue to practice that word. The dog will register this word in his mind to associate it with this command.


So simple that it may seem boring and unnecessary, but it really is one of the most useful and important learning commands for a dog. Teaching him to be “ still  ”, either when there are visitors in the house or at breaks while walking in the park, is an essential that cannot be missing in the initial training.

How do you learn it?

It's very simple, once your dog has learned to sit, ask him to do it. With a gesture of your choosing (usually a palm up)  you tell the dog not to move  and to take about two steps back. If that happens, while you're on the move, come back and reward him with a treat.

This way, after consistent training, and increasing the distance as you move away, the dog will adapt to this arrangement and will do so with great ease when you ask it.

lying down

Both lying down and lying down along with  sitting and staying are not only basic commands, but they are consecutive. So this is the third of these essential indicators that cannot be missing. Especially if what we want is for the dog to stay at our side, resting.

How do you learn it?

Command your dog to sit. Once there, and again with a treat in your closed hand, slowly move it toward the floor, showing the dog that it should lie down, following the path of your fist.

Like the previous attempts, after a few tries, the dog will understand and associate both the word and the movement with this command, and will do so automatically when you point to it.


So to speak, calling the dog to come to us is one of the most important commands, although it is not the first thing he learns. For  the dog to respond to our call  when it runs away and returns, is one of the basic and necessary aspects that the dog must exercise.

How do you learn it?

The famous "  come here  ," or simply "  come  ," requires a little more practice than the previous commands. However, it is not a complicated process. In principle, you should place the treat on your hands or feet without the dog noticing.

Once this is done, call out the command you want to use, remembering that this should always be once training has begun to make it easier for the dog to bond with it. When he approaches, offer him the treat you saved and a word of encouragement.

He may not understand at first, but later he will realize that when you call him, there will be a reward for him and he will answer your call. Try the same exercise keeping more and more distance, this way it can be beneficial even if they are several meters apart.

walking with its owner

As you learn the basic commands, the level of complexity also increases. In other words, training requires more perseverance and patience, especially when we teach him to walk with us.

An operation with a greater degree of difficulty, because it is normal, while walking, for the dog to pull on the leash to stop sniffing or noticing something. This is why this system is essential.

The usual thing is that during a walk, when the dog starts to pull on the leash, you command him to sit. Once this is done, tell him to stay still and try to resume walking.

If it doesn't stay the same, try again. And this time, when you resume walking, make it clear to the dog with “  let's go  ” or “  go ahead  ” that he should walk alongside you.

If he tries to walk away again, use the word “  together. ” Train him to go next to you. If he doesn't obey you, say  "  No!  " He returns to the command to know what you mean.

An important aspect is to always choose the same side to walk in this way, and gradually the dog will understand the pattern of walking on your side.


This is something that will not only keep our dog entertained and release stress, but it will also teach him to hand over things we have thrown or hidden around the house. Teaching your dog to “ turn out ” is undoubtedly healthy and beneficial.

How do you learn it?

The first thing is to let the dog get acquainted with the object, for example, a ball. Then he released it later, indicating with the command “ bring ” that it must be brought back.

Once he brings it to us, it is important to reward him and keep going, because it is normal for him to amuse himself at the first attempts with something else.

The commands “ search  ” and “ fire ” are consistent with this indicator, because the dog is being stimulated and also taught to search for the object and return it.


This arrangement, like the previous one, stimulates the dog's sense of exploration, sense of smell and mind. It is a gradual learning because to fetch the object we have asked for,  the dog must make a search  , until it is found and returned to the hands of its owner.

Once the dog returns the object, it should be rewarded for successful exploitation. It is likely that the first attempts will not be so easy for you, but later you will feel more comfortable and above all it will be entertaining.

Throwing things

In addition to fetch and search,  teaching a dog to drop an object  is very essential, as it is common to see how they cling to an object, such as a ball, and do not want to give it back.

Properly teaching him that he must return the object voluntarily, without having to remove it from his mouth, will help us to obtain a more calm and balanced pet.

How do you learn it?

In these cases, once the object has been found and returned, it is appropriate to show your hand, indicating a “a leave  ” command so that it will be noted that we are asking you to return the object.

Once you do this, it is important that you reward your work, this way you will do it more easily.


Also known as “  go ahead  ,” this command is common for telling a dog to run or move freely, or to stop the work he was doing. Although in most cases it is more common on the first side.

It is very easy for the dog to adapt, as it is like a green light to allow them to run or move without any disturbance. To practice this, it is important to first educate him about responding to the call and staying still, so that if we notice him turning away, we can be sure that he will respond to our signals to return.


Although it is the last on this list, it is not the least important. A very useful thing in dog training, and in carrying out exercise routines, is the “  jump  .” This indicator is more common when dogs play sports such as agility.

However, it is appropriate to help them overcome walls or fences. In playing games and training, this arrangement is very useful and learning it can be fun.


There is no doubt that training the dog in the basic commands is full of endless important aspects for the mental and physical balance of our dog. Training is a deep and interesting topic that should be practiced consistently from a dog's early age and as it develops.

One aspect that should not be forgotten under any circumstances is  positive reinforcement  . Reward- and motivation-based education will allow this technique to have results more visible and quick, rather than accidentally adopting domineering and aggressive behavior towards the pet that will not produce good results.

It is important to emphasize the practice of a positive reinforcement style of training, making sure that appropriate education is envisioned, where in addition to learning, bonds of trust and comfort will be established between the dog and its owner or trainer.


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